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Consortium for Applied Fundamentals and Innovation (CAFI) is multi-institutional consortium funded by DOE to develop comparative information on cellulosic biomass pretreatment by leading pretreatment options with common source of cellulosic biomass (corn stover/ Hybrid Poplar) and identical analytical methods. CAFI recognizes that pretreatment operates as a part of system in lignocellulosic feedstock based biorefinery that includes hydrolysis and fermentation as downstream processes. CAFI has been founded by leading researchers in biofuels area with following objectives:
î Develop information and a fundamental understanding of biomass hydrolysis that will facilitate commercialization.
î Accelerate the development of next generation technologies that dramatically reduce the cost of sugars from
î Train future engineers, scientists and managers..
CAFI was organized in early 2000 by pretreatment researchers from Auburn University, Dartmouth college, Purdue university, Michigan state University, Texas A&M University & NREL. It was funded by USDA Initiative for future agriculture and food systems (IFAFS) program. During the project period from 2000-2003, which is called CAFI-I, following tasks have been accomplished:
î Applied leading pretreatment technologies to prepare biomass for conversion to products.
î Characterized resulting fluid and solid streams
î Performed material and energy balance for each pretreatment process
î Determined cellulose digestibility and liquid fraction fermentability/toxicity
î Compared performance of pretreatment technologies on corn stover on a consistent basis.
Second phase of CAFI ,called as CAFI-II, was funded by US-DOE (Office of Biomass Program). Period of CAFI-II is 2004-2007
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